The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

African Penguin

Afrikaans name: Brilpikkewyn

African Penguins at Boulders Beach in the Western Cape

Photo © Steven Herbert

Spheniscus demersus

No, the above photo's were not taken in an enclosure in a zoo - this is where these penguins choose to live and breed at Boulders Beach with the sea a stones throw away.

The African Penguin has been known as the Jackass Penguin for years. This name arises from its call which sounds somewhat like a donkey. It is also known as the Black-footed Penguin.

The African Penguin is found along the coast of South Africa and Namibia. It occurs on a number of different islands off the coast but there are colonies on the mainland at Boulders Beach and Betty's Bay.

The main food of this cute penguin is fish, squid and some crustaceans. These are caught at sea and it may swim up to 20 km from the shore to feed.

Pairs stick together and return to the same area to breed each year. Two eggs are normally laid. These may be laid under a bush or behind rocks.

References and further reading

Two Oceans - Author: Branch, Griffiths, Branch and Beckley - Published: 2010 - Page: 356

Wildlife of Southern Africa - Author: Martin Withers and David Hosking - Published: 2011 - Page: 20

Wildlife of the Cape Peninsula - Author: Duncan Butchart - Published: 2001 - Page: 30

The Coastal Guide of South Africa - Author: Jacana Media - Published: 2007 - Page: 96

Southern Africas Threatened Wildlife - Author: John Ledger - Published: 1990 - Page: 44

The Birds of South Africa - Author: Hazel Stokes - Published: 1979 - Page: 1

The Birds of South Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Dr. Austin Roberts - Published: 1949 - Page: 2

Roberts Birds of South Africa - 4th Edition - Author: McLachlan and Liversidge - Published: 1981 - Page: 2

Roberts Birds of Southern Africa - 5th Edition - Author: Gordon Lindsay Maclean - Published: 1985 - Page: 3

Roberts Birds of Southern Africa - 6th Edition - Author: Gordon Lindsay Maclean - Published: 1993 - Page: 3

Sasol Birds of Southern Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Ian Sinclair et al. - Published: 1993 - Page: 32

Sasol Birds of Southern Africa - 4th Edition - Author: Ian Sinclair et al. - Published: 2011 - Page: 22

Seabirds - Author: Peter Harrison - Published: 1983 - Page: 206

Southern African Bird Names Explained - Author: Charles Clinning - Published: 1989 - Page: 131

Southern African Wildlife - Author: Readers Digest - Published: 1989 - Page: 125

Roberts Birds of South Africa - 2nd edition - Author: McLachlan and Liversidge - Published: 1957 - Page: 2

Roberts Birds of South Africa - 3rd Edition - Author: McLachlan and Liversidge - Published: 1975 - Page: 2

Rare Birds of the World - Author: Guy Mountford & Norman Arlott - Published: 1988 - Page: 106

Questions and Answers - Endangered Wildlife of Southern Africa - Author: John Comrie-Greig - Published: 1992 - Page: 24

Questions and Answers - Birds of Southern Africa - Author: Deirdre Richards - Published: 1990 - Page: 4

Ocean Birds - Author: Lars Lofgren - Published: 1984 - Page: 55

Nature in the Balance - Author: Rob Marsh - Published: 1991 - Page: 35

Newmans Birds of Southern Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Ken Newman - Published: 1984 - Page: 28

Newmans Birds of Southern Africa - 7th Edition - Author: Ken Newman - Published: 2000 - Page: 28

Ian Sinclairs Field Guide to the Birds of Southern Africa - 2nd Edition - Author: Ian Sinclair - Published: 1988 - Page: 32

Everyones Guide to South African Birds - Author: John Sinclair and John Mendelsohn - Published: 1987 - Page: 86

Getaway - Vol 31 No 07 - Author: - Published: 2019 - Page: 22

Getaway - Vol 29 No 07 - Author: - Published: 2017 - Page: 58

Country Life - Issue 245 - Author: - Published: 2016 - Page: 56

Birds of the Transkei - Author: C.D. Quickelberge - Published: 1989 - Page: 24

Collins Illustrated Checklist - Birds of Southern Africa - 1st edition - Author: Ber van Perlo - Published: 1999 - Page: 6

Bird Atlas of Natal - Author: Digby Cyrus and Nigel Robson - Published: 1980 - Page: 29

Birds of the South Western Cape - Author: Joy Frandsen - Published: 0 - Page: 1

A First Guide to South African Birds - 7th Edition - Author: Leonard Gill - Published: 1975 - Page: 200

A First Guide to South African Birds - 6th Edition - Author: Leonard Gill - Published: 1959 - Page: 200

A Field Guide to the Birds of Southern Africa - 2nd Edition - Author: O.P.M. Prozesky - Published: 1983 - Page: 21

BirdLife South Africa


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