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The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

African Penguin

Afrikaans name: Brilpikkewyn

African Penguins at Boulders Beach in the Western Cape

Photo © Steven Herbert

Spheniscus demersus

No, the above photo's were not taken in an enclosure in a zoo - this is where these penguins choose to live and breed at Boulders Beach with the sea a stones throw away.

The African Penguin has been known as the Jackass Penguin for years. This name arises from its call which sounds somewhat like a donkey. It is also known as the Black-footed Penguin.

The African Penguin is found along the coast of South Africa and Namibia. It occurs on a number of different islands off the coast but there are colonies on the mainland at Boulders Beach and Betty's Bay.

The main food of this cute penguin is fish, squid and some crustaceans. These are caught at sea and it may swim up to 20 km from the shore to feed.

Pairs stick together and return to the same area to breed each year. Two eggs are normally laid. These may be laid under a bush or behind rocks.

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References and further reading

A Field Guide to the Birds of Southern Africa - 2nd Edition - Author: O.P.M. Prozesky - Year Published: 1983 - Page: 21

A First Guide to South African Birds - 6th Edition - Author: Leonard Gill - Year Published: 1959 - Page: 200

A First Guide to South African Birds - 7th Edition - Author: Leonard Gill - Year Published: 1975 - Page: 200

Birds of the South Western Cape - Author: Joy Frandsen - Year Published: - Page: 1

Collins Illustrated Checklist - Birds of Southern Africa - 1st edition - Author: Ber van Perlo - Year Published: 1999 - Page: 6

Country Life - Issue 245 - Author: - Year Published: 2016 - Page: 56

Everyone's Guide to South African Birds - Author: John Sinclair and John Mendelsohn - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 86

Ian Sinclair's Field Guide to the Birds of Southern Africa - 2nd Edition - Author: Ian Sinclair - Year Published: 1988 - Page: 32

Newman's Birds of Southern Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Ken Newman - Year Published: 1984 - Page: 28

Newman's Birds of Southern Africa - 7th Edition - Author: Ken Newman - Year Published: 2000 - Page: 28

Questions and Answers - Birds of Southern Africa - Author: Deirdre Richards - Year Published: 1990 - Page: 4

Rare Birds of the World - Author: Guy Mountford & Norman Arlott - Year Published: 1988 - Page: 106

Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Dr. Austin Roberts - Year Published: 1949 - Page: 2

Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa - 3rd Edition - Author: McLachlan and Liversidge - Year Published: 1975 - Page: 2

Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa - 4th Edition - Author: McLachlan and Liversidge - Year Published: 1981 - Page: 2

Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa - 5th Edition - Author: Gordon Lindsay Maclean - Year Published: 1985 - Page: 3

Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa - 6th Edition - Author: Gordon Lindsay Maclean - Year Published: 1993 - Page: 3

Sasol Birds of Southern Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Ian Sinclair et al. - Year Published: 1993 - Page: 32

Sasol Birds of Southern Africa - 4th Edition - Author: Ian Sinclair et al. - Year Published: 2011 - Page: 22

Seabirds - Author: Peter Harrison - Year Published: 1983 - Page: 206

Southern African Bird Names Explained - Author: Charles Clinning - Year Published: 1989 - Page: 131

Southern Africa's Threatened Wildlife - Author: John Ledger - Year Published: 1990 - Page: 44

The Birds of South Africa - Author: Hazel Stokes - Year Published: 1979 - Page: 1

The Coastal Guide of South Africa - Author: Jacana Media - Year Published: 2007 - Page: 96

Wildlife of Southern Africa - Author: Martin Withers and David Hosking - Year Published: 2011 - Page: 20

List of South African Birds

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