The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

Citrus Swallowtail butterfly

Afrikaans name: Lemoenvlinder

Citrus Swallowtail butterfly

Photo © Steven Herbert

Papilio demodocus demodocus

The Citrus Swallowtail is a common and well-known butterfly that can be found all over South Africa in suitable habitat (it avoids very dry areas).

Females can have a wingspan of up to 13 cm. Males are slightly smaller. The colouration of the male and female is similar.

Although it is most common over spring and summer the Citrus Swallowtail can be seen all year round.

The Citrus Swallowtail is found in a variety of habitats ranging from grasslands to gardens and forest edges. They are very active flyers and do not settle too often.

This butterfly is considered a pest by citrus farmers as they lay their eggs on the citrus plants.

References and further reading

Self-guided Trails in Durban - Author: Durban Corporation - Published: 0 - Page: 122

Southern African Wildlife - Author: Readers Digest - Published: 1989 - Page: 338

Suburban Wildlife in KZN - Author: Dr. Jason Londt - Published: 2009 - Page: 80

The Gardener - 2018/02 - Author: - Published: 2018 - Page: 40

The Sandton Field Guide - Author: Sandton Nature Conservation Society - Published: 1982 - Page: 174

Wild About Johannesburg - Author: Duncan Butchart - Published: 1995 - Page: 86

Wildlife of the Cape Peninsula - Author: Duncan Butchart - Published: 2001 - Page: 96

Sasol First Field Guide to Butterflies & Moths of Southern Africa - Author: Simon van Noort - Published: 0 - Page: 10

Insects of Southern Africa - 1st edition - Author: Clarke H. Scholtz and Erik Holm - Published: 1989 - Page: 375

Ivor Migdolls Field Guide to the Butterflies of Southern Africa - Author: Ivor Migdoll - Published: 1987 - Page: 235

Living Butterflies of Southern Africa - Volume 1 - Author: G.A. Henning et al - Published: 1997 - Page: 221

Pocket Guide - Insects of South Africa - Author: Mike Picker & Charles Griffiths - Published: 2015 - Page: 126

Pollinators, Predators and Parasites - Author: C. Scholtz, J. Scholtz, H. De Klerk - Published: 2021 - Page: 371

Sasol First Field Guide to Butterflies & Moths of Southern Africa - Author: Simon van Noort - Published: 0 - Page: 9

Field Guide to Insects of the Kruger National Park - Author: Leo Braack - Published: 1991 - Page: 35

Gardening for Butterflies - Author: Steve Woodhall & Lindsay Gray - Published: 2015 - Page: 78

Illustrated Guide to the Game Parks and Nature Reserves of SA - 2nd edn - Author: Readers Digest - Published: 1991 - Page: 399

Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa - 2nd edition - Author: Steve Woodhall - Published: 2020 - Page: 370

Field Guide to Insects of South Africa - Author: Mike Picker, Charles Griffiths and Alan Weaving - Published: 0 - Page: 376

Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa - 1st edition - Author: Steve Woodhall - Published: 2005 - Page: 350

Familiar South African Butterflies - Author: Clive Quickelberge - Published: 1986 - Page: 52

Butterfly Gardening in South Africa - Author: Jill Reid - Published: 2000 - Page: 49

Butterfly Gardening in South Africa - Author: Jill Reid - Published: 2000 - Page: 76

Butterflies of the Kruger National Park - Author: Johan Kloppers and the late Dr. G. Van Son - Published: 1978 - Page: 7

Butterflies of the Western Cape - Author: A.J.M. Claassens - Published: 2005 - Page: 60

Butterflies of Southern Africa - Author: Hugo Germishuys - Published: 1982 - Page: 29

Butterflies of Southern Africa - A field guide - Author: Mark Williams - Published: 1994 - Page: 27

African Insect Life - revised edition - Author: S.H. Skaife - Published: 1979 - Page: 233

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