Afrikaans name: Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein is not only the capital of the Free State province, it is the judicial capital of South Africa and the most centrally situated city in the country. The Legislative Capital is Cape Town and the Administrative Capital is Pretoria.
The name Bloemfontein means "fountain of flowers" in Dutch and Afrikaans. The indigenous Sesotho people called it Mangaung which means "place of the cheetahs" or "place of the leopards".
In 1840 a settler named Johannes Brits started to farm on the site of modern day Bloemfontein. Major Warden bought the farm from Brits in 1846.
Bloemfontein grew around Naval Hill which is now a great place to get a view of the city. A statue of Nelson Mandela may be seen at the top. There are numerous historic buildings and monuments to be seen in Bloemfontein including the Old Presidency, Queens Fort, National Women's Monument and the Towers of Hope church.
The Free State National Botanical Gardens, which house 400 species of plants, are well worth a visit. Bloemfontein is sometimes called the City of Roses and an annual festival of roses is held in the city.
Above - The Old Presidency, Bloemfontein.
Above - Bloemfontein Town Hall
Above - National Women's Monument and Die Bittereinder Monument
Above - The Civic Centre building is also known as the "Glas Paleis" (Glass Palace)
Above - This Dutch Reformed Church is known as the Towers of Hope
Above - The Supreme Court building can be seen on the left bank of the canal.
Above - View from Naval hill looking in a westerly direction
Above - View from Naval Hill looking in a southern direction
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Farm Stall to Farm Stall - Author: Jennifer Stern - Year Published: 2014 - Page: 104
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Road Tripping South Africa - Author: MapStudio - Year Published: 2014 - Page: 14
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The Pictorial Motoring Atlas of South Africa - Author: Maxwell Leigh - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 58
Things ewe never kn'ewe about South African place names - Author: Ann Gadd - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 26