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Bloemfontein

Afrikaans name: Bloemfontein

Bloemfontein at sunset from Naval Hill

Bloemfontein sunset

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Free State

Bloemfontein is not only the capital of the Free State province, it is the judicial capital of South Africa and the most centrally situated city in the country. The Legislative Capital is Cape Town and the Administrative Capital is Pretoria.

The name Bloemfontein means "fountain of flowers" in Dutch and Afrikaans. The indigenous Sesotho people called it Mangaung which means "place of the cheetahs" or "place of the leopards".

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In 1840 a settler named Johannes Brits started to farm on the site of modern day Bloemfontein. Major Warden bought the farm from Brits in 1846.

Bloemfontein grew around Naval Hill which is now a great place to get a view of the city. A statue of Nelson Mandela may be seen at the top. There are numerous historic buildings and monuments to be seen in Bloemfontein including the Old Presidency, Queens Fort, National Women's Monument and the Towers of Hope church.

The Free State National Botanical Gardens, which house 400 species of plants, are well worth a visit. Bloemfontein is sometimes called the City of Roses and an annual festival of roses is held in the city.

The Old Presidency, Bloemfontein

Above - The Old Presidency, Bloemfontein.

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Bloemfontein Town Hall

Above - Bloemfontein Town Hall

Photo © Johan van Zyl

National Women's Monument and Die Bittereinder Monument

Above - National Women's Monument and Die Bittereinder Monument

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Civic Centre also know as the 'Glas Paleis'

Above - The Civic Centre building is also known as the "Glas Paleis" (Glass Palace)

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Twee Toring NG Kerk, Bloemfontein

Above - This Dutch Reformed Church is known as the Towers of Hope

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Supreme Court on lefthand side

Above - The Supreme Court building can be seen on the left bank of the canal.

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Bloemfontein CBD seen from Naval hill looking in a westerly direction

Above - View from Naval hill looking in a westerly direction

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Bloemfontein CBD seen from Naval Hill looking in a southern direction

Above - View from Naval Hill looking in a southern direction

Photo © Johan van Zyl

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References

Chris and Tilde Stuart's Guide to Southern African Game and Nature Reserves - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Year Published: 1989 - Page: 159

Conolly's Guide to Southern Africa - Author: Denis Conolly - Year Published: 1982 - Page: 322

Farm Stall to Farm Stall - Author: Jennifer Stern - Year Published: 2014 - Page: 104

go! - Issue 088 - Author: - Year Published: 2013 - Page: 43

On Route - A region by region guide to South Africa - Author: B.P.J. Erasmus - Year Published: 1995 - Page: 261

Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to Southern Africa - 4th edition - Author: - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 289

Road Tripping South Africa - Author: MapStudio - Year Published: 2014 - Page: 13

Road Tripping South Africa - Author: MapStudio - Year Published: 2014 - Page: 14

Road Tripping South Africa - Author: MapStudio - Year Published: 2014 - Page: 110

The Pictorial Motoring Atlas of South Africa - Author: Maxwell Leigh - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 58

Things ewe never kn'ewe about South African place names - Author: Ann Gadd - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 26

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